America’s broken immigration system is in desperate need of reform, and according to expert analysts, changes to the system could have a significant impact on the U.S. economy. While advocates for immigration reform are quick to highlight the economic boost that would likely result, critics point out a number of negative effects it could have on the American economy, native born laborers, and the United States as a whole.
The foreign worker program in the United States allows employers to hire non-American workers for a variety of skilled and unskilled positions. Most employers are familiar with the H-1 temporary work visa program; however, for skilled laborers, an immigration lawyer in Illinois can find a more permanent solution through the EB visa program.
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In November of 2014, President Barack Obama announced a new immigration policy that would enable certain undocumented immigrants to apply for a program which would allow them to remain in the United States for three years and work legally. In order to qualify, immigrants would only have to meet two criteria. First, they must have children who are either legal United States Citizens or Lawful Permanent Residents, also commonly referred to as Green Card Holders. Second, under the policy they would be required to have been in the United States since January of 2010.
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Locating highly skilled, uniquely talented workers can be very difficult for some employers in the United States. In fact, year after year the demand for workers with so-called STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) skills has outpaced domestic supply. While United States employers are currently in need of approximately 120,000 computer engineers each year, American universities produce only 30 percent of that number. Read the rest of this entry »
Foreign workers who enter the United States on temporary employment visas come from various occupations. These include technology specialists, scientists, researchers, nurses, agricultural workers,religious workers, athletes, and artists. All workers are required to obtain permission to work legally and adhere to the terms of their petition for their temporary employment visa. Specific category requirements for each occupation must also be met. Since requirements vary with each employment category, an immigration lawyer in Chicago can explain specific visa and category requirements to eliminate confusion and errors. Any violation of requirements can result in denial or removal of a temporary employment visa.
About 87 percent of H-1B visas for computer jobs are issued to Indians, according to a Computerworld analysis of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) data. The publication look at about 76,000 H-1B visas issued for new employment to people working in computer-related occupations in 2014. China accounted for the second-largest share (5.1 percent) and Canada received 0.8 percent of such visas. The remainder came from a number of other countries in smaller percentages.
U.S. Senator Rand Paul (R-Kentucky) has introduced legislation intended to raise the number of EB-5 green cards available to foreign investors while also making permanent the EB-5 Regional Center Program. The Regional Center Program enables foreign investors to pool their capital and work in coordination with regional economic development agencies on large-scale projects. Read the rest of this entry »